The world's trees are in trouble.Half of global forests have disappeared, deforestation continues, and the health of remaining forests is declining rapidly. Friends of the Earth is calling for strong controls on the forest industry and a halt to illegal logging and the unsustainable conversion of forests to agriculture and pastures. We oppose "carbon sink" schemes that replace diverse forests with tree plantations. We need drastic reductions in energy consumption and paper use and the export of grains for cattle feed in order to conserve the forests that remain. We believe that sustainable forest management and small-scale agriculture can best be left to Indigenous Peoples and local communities, and that these people should be granted land and resource rights.