Everything around us that affects how we live and develop is called environment. Adaptation makes it possible for a living thing to survive in an environment. These are some examples of these wonderful phenomena.
Snails live inside shells. Shells protect them from enemies. As they live in damp places shells also protect them from cold and dry.
When a honey bee finds a flower with nectar, the bee does a special dance to let the others know where the flower is.
Spiders eat only living things. They spin webs and wait for insects to get caught in them. When an insect is caught in the web, the spider hurries to it. The insect tries to get away but the spider rolls it up in sticky threads. Then it kills the insect with poison and has it for dinner.
Ants are always looking for food. Any ant that finds some food goes back to the nest. As it goes it leaves a trail that other ants can smell. That way ant in the nest finds their way to where the food is.
Ladybirds flip over on their backs and play dead when other insects and small birds try to catch them. Their enemies are surprised and give up. When it is safe for the ladybirds they get up and run away.
Part of a butterfly’s mouth is like a long tube. They use it like a straw to suck the nectar. Butterflies usually have bright coloured wings.
7) Pine trees:
Pine trees have needle shaped leaves that are naturally coated by wax. This reduces loss of water and helps them to survive in cold and dry weather.
Cactus and some other desert plants can survive with little water. These plants have swollen leaves to store water in them.
9) Polar bears:
Polar bears have thick white fur to reduce heat loss. They have webbed feet which help them walk on the ice. Some of their teeth are sharp and pointed so that they can eat fish.
Seals have short ears; a small nose, thick fur and a very deep layer of fat under the skin which helps the seal keep warm as it lives in very cold water. It has a tapering body which helps it swim.
11) African Savannah elephant:
Elephants that live in the African savannah are very large. They have wrinkled skin, a trunk and large ears which help them to keep cool.
Monkeys mostly live on trees. They can jump from tree to tree. Their long tail helps them in doing so. Monkeys have an opposable thumb with which they hold on to the branches firmly.
Camels have two rows of long eyelashes which protect the eye against blowing sand and the sun. They store fat in humps which helps it to survive long periods without food and water. It has thick leathery patches on knees which protect it from getting burn when it kneels on the hot desert sand. It has broad, flat, leathery pads at the bottom of their hooves which spread out when the camel places its feet on the ground thus creating a ''snowshoe effect'' and preventing the camel from sinking into the sand. Nostrils can be closed to keep out blowing sand. It has thick fur and under wool which provides warmth during cold desert nights and insulation against daytime heat. It has long strong legs which help carry heavy loads over long distances and keep its body further away from the hot sand.
Penguins have a thick layer of blubber under their skin so they can keep warm in Antarctica. Penguins cannot fly but their feathers are close to their bodies to keep them warm. Male carry their babies on their feet to keep them warm while the female bring food to feed them.
15) Blue Whale:
Blue whale has a thick layer of fat called blubber under their skin to keep them warm. They don't sleep or they'll sink or drown, instead they take short naps.