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Menahil Idrees
Menahil Idrees
The Famous Muslim Scientist
Published On Apr 23rd 2011
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Abu Yousuf Yaqub Ibn Ishaq al-Kindi was born at Kufa around 800 C.E. His father was an official of Haroon al-Rashid. Al-Kindi was a contemporary of al-Mamun, al-Mu'tasim and al-Mutawakkil and flourished largely at Baghdad. He was formally employed by Mutawakkil as a calligrapher. On account of his philosophical views, Mutawakkil was annoyed with him and confiscated all his books. These were, however, returned later on. He died in 873 C.E. during the reign of al-M'utamid.  Al-Kindi was a philosopher, mathematician, physicist, astronomer, physician, geographer and even an expert in music. It is surprising that he made original contributions to all of these fields. On account of his work he became known as the philosopher of the Arabs. He was very intelligent and used to help the Arabs a lot.
In mathematics, he wrote four books on the number system and laid the foundation of a large part of modern arithmetic. No doubt the Arabic system of numerals was largely developed by al- Khwarizmi, but al-Kindi also made rich contributions to it. He also contributed to spherical geometry to assist him in astronomical studies.
In chemistry, he opposed the idea that base metals can be converted to precious metals. In contrast to prevailing alchemical views, he was emphatic that chemical reactions cannot bring about the transformation of elements.
In physics, he made rich contributions to geometrical optics and wrote a book on it. This book later on provided guidance and inspiration to such eminent scientists as Roger Bacon.
In medicine, his chief contribution comprises the fact that he was the first to systematically determine the doses to be administered of all the drugs known at his time. This resolved the conflicting views prevailing among physicians on the dosage that caused difficulties in writing recipes. He also pointed out the fact that when a sound is produced, it generates waves in the air which strike the ear-drum.
His work contains a notation on the determination of pitch. He was also an early translator of Greek works into Arabic, but this fact has largely been over-shadowed by his numerous original writings. It is unfortunate that most of his books are no longer extant, but those existing speak very high of his standard of scholarship and contribution. He was known as Alkindus in Latin and a large number of his books were translated into Latin by Gherard of Cremona.
Al-Kindi's influence on development of science and philosophy was significant in the revival of sciences in that period. In the Middle Ages, Cardano considered him as one of the twelve greatest minds. His works, in fact, lead to further development of various subjects for centuries, notably physics, mathematics, and medicine.
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Comments 6
Menahil Actually i am checking VSHine after a long time and I am amazed by the wunnerful comments. My articles and stories would not b wht they r widout u guyzz. Luv u all sooo much!!!! Menahil
May 30th 2012
Farial Pari Amazing..! Farial Pari
May 3rd 2011
Khola Realy Interesting!! Khola
Apr 29th 2011
Menahil Thanx Aisha Menahil
Apr 26th 2011
Aisha Veryyyy good and amazing Aisha
Apr 24th 2011
Muhammad A comprehensive overview of the successes and achievements of Muslaim scientists. Muhammad
Apr 23rd 2011

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