The new research on the polar ice caps in the Arctic and Antarctic is outlined in the latest issue of the journal Science. What happens at the polar ice caps could affect the entire globe, said Bette Otto-Bleisner of the National Center for Atmospheric Research.
A large amount of polluting gases are produced when people burn fossil fuels such as coal and oil to produce power for cities, factories and cars and to heat homes.
According to the studies, an increase in the release of these gases could raise Arctic temperatures by 5 to 8 degrees within the next 100 years. That warmth could melt ice caps. The melting ice could then raise sea levels one to three feet over the next 100 to 150 years.