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Carrack and Caravel Ships
Carrack and Caravel Ships
Towards the end of the fourteenth century, ships like the carrack began to develop towers on the bow and stern. These towers decreased the vessel's stability, and in the fifteenth century, the caravel, a descendent of the Arabic qarib which could sail closer to the wind, became more widely used. The towers were gradually replaced by the forecastle  and sterncastle, as in the carrack Santa María of Christopher Columbus.