The Magna Carta
After the death of Henry II, the rule of England fell to his son, Richard I, and later to another of his sons, John. These leaders were not effective. John lost territory to the French, which upset many. He also increased taxes, and oppressed many of his people, arresting them without trials. In C.E. 1215 many of the nobles in England who were tired of losing their power, and who were concerned by the tyrant-like behaviour of John, came together, and wrote a document called the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta is one of the most important documents in history. It guaranteed the people certain rights, and bound the king to certain laws.