The people of Athens granted rights and privileges of citizenship to all the lower classes. Athenian men were highly educated. They began their formal education at the age of seven, and continued until age eighteen.
The Athenians also introduced the concept of trial by jury. Juries might be made up of more than 1,000 individuals, which they believed insured that no one could bribe them.
Everything from science, to art, to medicine, Athens became a centre of culture and education for the entire world.