Forgot your password?

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

World History > Ancient history
Julius Caesar's...
The Battle of Marathon
Ice Age
Crossing the Alps
Uncle Shine
Did you know?
Latest News

World history




Bookmark and Share

Next   Previous

Julius Caesar's assassination

Julius Caesar, generally regarded as the greatest genius of ancient Rome, was murdered on March 15, 44 B.C., by a band of aristocrats who were members of the Senate, or ruling assembly, and wore opp osed to his one man system of government.
Caesar, who was 58, had reache d a position of dominance in the republic of Rome after a brilliant career as soldier, writer, scholar and administrator. Throughout his life he had seen the state torn by revolution and civil war, and an outworn system of government made powerless by the quarrels of rival claimanft to power. In 49 B.C. he embarked on a series of campaigns to gain absolute cont rol, succeeding five years later in being proclaimed dictator for life with the title of lmperator
More than 50 members of the
senatorial party, united by a mixt ure of selfish and patriotic mot ives conspired to kill him. Marcus Junius Brutus, who seems to have been a true patriot and had been forgiven by Caesar for fighting against him, was persuaded to lead the conspiracy by the real instigator, Cassius Longinus. Desp ite a number of attempts to warn him, Caesar took his place in the Senate House on the fateful day of March 15, called by the Romans the Ides of March.
Plutarch, the Greek historian, tells how the conspirators crowded about Caesar, Pretending to make

a petition. One of them, Metillius Cimber, then gave the signal for the attack and another, Casca, stabbed Caesar in the neck. The others struck at him with their swords, but Caesar continued to struggle until he saw Brutus joini ng in the attack. Then he fell dying from 23 wounds at the foot of the monument to Pompey, his great military rival whom he had def eated on his way to power.
But the assassins failed to save the republic. Brutus and Cassius committed suicide after being def eated in battle and in 31 B.C. the Roman Empire was founded under Augustus, Julius Caesar’s nephew.


Next   Previous

Bookmark and Share