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Az-Zahravi

 
   
 
Islamic Spain's illustrious surgeon, Az-Zahrawi, began ligating arteries with fine sutures over 500 years prior to Pare. He perfected the use of catgut. He instituted the use of cotton plus wax to plug bleeding wounds. The full details of his works were made available to Europeans through Latin translations. He became one of the most renowned surgeons of the Muslim era He performed many operations, dissection of animals, midwifery, and surgery of eye, ear and throat. His famous medical encyclopedia called at-Tasrif, which is composed of thirty volumes covering different aspects of medical science. It was translated in Europe. The book contains over 200 diagrams and illustrations of surgical instruments, in use or developed by him, and comprised a part of the medical curriculum in European countries for many centuries.
At-Tasreef includes sections on preventive medicine, nutrition, cosmetics, drug therapy, surgical technique, anesthesia, pre and post-operative care. The refined and scholarly Az-Zahrawi is the founder of rational surgery, not the uneducated Pare.
 
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