Learn about legendary personalities who changed the world and enlightened it with their luminous minds and deeds. In the annals of history, these scientists, philosophers and conquerors still shine. Know about the people who became the role the model for the generations to come. Read how an ordinary man can change the course of history
Mohammed Bin Qasim
Muhammad bin Qasim was orphaned as a child and thus the responsibility of his upbringing fell upon his mother. She supervised his religious instruction herself, and hired different teachers for his worldly education. It was the uncle, Hajjaj bin Yousaf, who taught him the art of governing and warfare. He was an intelligent and cultured young man who at the age of 15 was considered by many to be one of his uncle's greatest assets. As a show of faith in his nephew's abilities, Hajjaj married his daughter to him. At the age of 16, he was asked to serve under the great general, Qutayba bin Muslim. Under his command, Muhammad bin Qasim displayed a talent for skilful fighting and military planning. Hajjaj's complete trust in Muhammad bin Qasim's abilities as a general became even more apparent when he appointed the young man as the commander of army prepared for invasion on Sindh. Muhammad bin Qasim was just 17 years old at that time. On his way to Sindh, Muhammad bin Qasim proved Hajjaj right when he, without many problems, managed to win all his military campaigns. He used both his mind and military skills in capturing places like Daibul, Raor, Uch and Multan. History does not boast of many other commanders who managed such a great victory at such a young age. Besides being a great general, Muhammad bin Qasim was also an excellent administrator. He established peace and order as well as a good administrative structure in the areas he conquered. He was a kind hearted and religious person. He had great respect for other religions. Hindu and Buddhist spiritual leaders were given stipends during his rule. The poor people of the land were greatly impressed by his policies and a number of them embraced Islam. Those who stuck to their old religions erected statues in his honour and started worshiping him after his departure from their land. Walid bin Abdul Malik, an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705-715, died and was succeeded by his younger brother Suleman as the Caliph. Suleman was an enemy of Hajjaj and thus ordered Muhammad bin Qasim back to the kingdom. The young general knew of the animosity between the two. He was aware that due to this enmity, he would not be well treated. He could have easily refused to obey the Caliph's orders and declare his independence in Sindh. Yet he was of the view that obeying ones ruler is the duty of a general and thus he decided to go back to the centre. He was put behind bars where he died at the age of 20. Many historians believe that had he been given a few more years, he would have conquered the entire South Asian region.