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North Pole

 
   
 
The North Pole is the northernmost point on Earth, lying diametrically opposite the South Pole. In February of 1909, Peary's North Pole expedition left their ship, beset in the ice of Ellesmere Island's Cape Sheridan, and sledged 90 miles west to Cape Columbia, where the northward march to the Pole would begin. American Navy engineer Robert Peary was accompanied by Matthew Henson and four other men. On the march over the sea ice, the expedition was to be composed of two parties: the pioneer party and the main party. The pioneer party was to break the trail, set the pace of travel, and establish igloo camps which would designate the end of each march, while the main party followed 24 hours in the rear.
Every five marches the pioneer party was to be alternated with one of the supporting parties. Thus the hardship of cutting the trail was equalized among all the members.
Robert Peary announced that he and his party had reached the Pole on April 6th. They had covered 413 miles, remained there for 30 hours, and raced back to their starting point. After three attempts over several years, this was the final fulfilment of Peary's lifelong dream

 
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