Forgot your password?

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Home
Library
Countries > General
Turkey
Canada
China
Angola
Algeria
Albania
Palestine
Saudi Arabia
Pakistan
Afganistan
Iran
Dua
Activities
Uncle Shine
Magazine
Did you know?
Games
Latest News
 

Countries

 
   

 

 

 
Bookmark and Share

Next   Back
 

Algeria

 
   
 
Total area: 481,350 sq mi     
Total area: 919,590 sq mi
Population (2008 est.): 33,739,635
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Algiers, 3,917,000
Other large cities: Oran, 752,200; Constantine, 530,100; Batna, 278,100; Annaba, 246,700
Monetary unit: Dinar
National name: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
Current government officials
Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Religion: Islam 99%
National Holiday: Revolution Day, November 1
Literacy rate: 69.9%
Agriculture: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.
Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing.
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc.

Geography

Algeria is bordered on the west by Morocco and Western Sahara and on the east by Tunisia and Libya. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north, and to the south are Mauritania, Mali, and Niger. The Saharan region, which is 85% of the country, is almost completely uninhabited. The highest point is Mount Tahat in the Sahara, which rises 9,850 ft (3,000 m).

History

Excavations in Algeria have indicated that Homo erectus resided there between 500,000 and 700,000 years ago. Phoenician traders settled on the Mediterranean coast in the 1st millennium B.C. As ancient Numidia, Algeria became a Roman colony, part of what was called Mauretania Caesariensis, at the close of the Punic Wars (145 B.C.). Conquered by the Vandals about A.D. 440, it fell from a high state of civilization to virtual barbarism, from which it partly recovered after an invasion by Arabs about 650. Christian during its Roman period, the indigenous Berbers were then converted to Islam. Falling under the control of the Ottoman Empire by 1536, Algiers served for three centuries as the headquarters of the Barbary pirates. Ostensibly to rid the region of the pirates, the French occupied Algeria in 1830 and made it a part of France in 1848.
Algerian independence movements led to the uprisings of 1954–1955, which developed into full-scale war. In 1962, French president Charles de Gaulle began the peace negotiations, and on July 5, 1962, Algeria was proclaimed independent.

 
Next   Back

Bookmark and Share
 
 
Close